Resolution on Rohingya



The “International Conference on the Plight of the Rohingya: Solution ” was convened by the Perdana Global Peace Foundation (PGPF), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 17 September 2012.

The Conference was attended by participants comprising representatives from the diplomatic corps, international organisations, parliamentarians, human rights groups, academia, civil society, non-governmental organisations and media, as well as leaders of Rohingya organisations from several countries.

YABhg Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia and President of PGPF, delivered the Keynote Speech.

Other prominent Speakers included as in the appendix.

We, the undersigned organisations and undersigned participants of the Conference;

Acknowledging the minority Muslim Rohingya are an ethnic group numbering more than 1 million presently residing in the Rakhine state of Myanmar,

Recognising that Rohingyas have been living in Myanmar for centuries and had been recognised as full-fledged citizens of the state of Burma (Myanmar) by previous governments of Burma, the international community and the authorities during the British colonial period.

Mindful of the decision of the government of Myanmar to effectively strip the Rohingyas of citizenship under the 1982 Citizenship Law,

Observing with serious concern that the Rakhine Buddhist community and in particular the Rohingya Muslim community suffered from sectarian violence that erupted in Rakhine State in June 2012,

Observing the current tragic situation facing the Rohingya including violent acts of oppression and human rights violations by state security forces, widespread discrimination by the dominant ethnic Burman society, threats to their security by hostile local Rakhine populations, and continued statelessness that makes them highly vulnerable to abuses,

Concerned over the thousands of displaced and stateless Rohingyas living in Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Australia, India, Japan, Pakistan, the Middle East and throughout the world,

Gravely concerned that the government of Myanmar has failed to observe its responsibility to fulfil its international human rights and humanitarian obligations with respect to the Rohingyas

Fully cognisant of systematic crimes against the Rohingya community such as killings, forced labour, rape, and denial of access to adequate humanitarian aid,

Echoing the various concerns about the mistreatment and fate of the Rohingya held by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and citizens concerned with global humanitarian issues,

Noting with disappointment the absence of a comprehensive solution in addressing the plight of the Rohingya,

Seriously concerned with the consequences of a prolonged non-resolution of the Rohingya issue including the segregation of displaced Rohingya in the Rakhine state capital of Sittwe, the continued lack of humanitarian access and sufficient aid to displaced Rohingya, and spill-over effects on neighbouring South Asian and ASEAN member countries,

Recognising the political and ethno-religious nature of the issue and human rights dimensions that require determined action by Myanmar’s leadership with the support of the people,

Unequivocally agree to;

Strongly condemn the continuing acts of violence, rape, beatings, burning of dwellings, killings, arbitrary arrests, detentions and enforced disappearances of the Rohingya,

Strongly deplore all forms of oppression, suppression, persecution, discrimination, intimidation and severe restrictions against the Rohingya on the grounds of ethnicity and religion,

Call on the government of Myanmar to recognise the legitimate rights of the Rohingyas to live in peace, to move freely within the country, and create conditions for the safe and voluntary return of displaced Rohingya to their homes or alternative locations of their choosing without persecution or discrimination including respect for the rights to shelter, food, water, health care, education and basic sanitation according to international human rights law, norms and standards,

Call on the government of Myanmar to amend the 1982 Citizenship Act to recognise or grant citizenship to persons of Rohingya ethnicity on the same basis as others with genuine and effective links to Myanmar by reasons such as birth, residency or descent, and treat them as equal citizens under International and Burmese Law. Ensure, in accordance to Article 7 of the convention on the Rights of the Child, that Rohingya children have the right to acquire a nationality where otherwise they would be stateless,

Strongly urge the government of Myanmar to stabilise the situation in the Rakhine state and to take the necessary administrative actions to protect, safeguard and uphold the lives, dignity and property of the Rohingyas as well as legally recognising them as one of Myanmar’s ethnic groups on the same basis as other ethnic group,

Call upon the government of Myanmar to carry out full and fair investigations and, where warranted, conduct trials meeting international due process standards against those individuals and state security forces who were responsible for criminal offenses, including rape, killings, arson and looting, during sectarian violence in Rakhine state,

Take note of the government of Myanmar’s decision to establish a 27- member Commission to probe the sectarian violence and recommend steps to resolve the crisis,

Welcome the government of Myanmar’s decision to allow diplomatic missions, independent observers and fact-finding teams including those from the OIC, ASEAN and the Perdana Global Peace Foundation to visit Rakhine state to ascertain the situation affecting the Rohingya,

Urge the government of Myanmar to recognise the multi-ethnic reality of the country and that its failure to resolve the Rohingya problem will undermine its current reform and progress towards national reconciliation, democracy and prosperity,

Call on Aung San Syu Kyi and the National League for Democracy Party as well as other political parties to promote ethnic rights and equality in Myanmar and take an unequivocal and proactive role in ending the plight of the Rohingyas,

Request the governments of Bangladesh and other destination countries to provide temporary protection to the Rohingya and to allow the international community to provide food and other humanitarian assistance to them pending a political solution of the Rohingya problem,

Urge ASEAN, to play a more proactive, substantive and effective role in resolving the Rohingya problem in the interest of regional peace and stability,

Call on Muslim groups and communities to show due solidarity and exert pressure on their governments, UN agencies civil and faith – based societies to actively support the rights of the Rohingya,

Strongly encourage ASEAN and OIC’s efforts in bringing up the Rohingya issue to the 67th Session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York,

Call on the UN to facilitate the establishment of a ‘cordon sanitaire’ for internally displaced Rohingyas to provide a safe and humane environment for the victims pending the attainment of a political solution,

Convey a copy of the Resolution to the Prime Minister of Malaysia, President of Myanmar, the Secretary General of ASEAN, the Secretary General of the OIC and the Secretary General of the United Nations.

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
17 September 2012

Published in: on September 17, 2012 at 19:00  Comments (14)  

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  1. […] SOURCE: Resolution on Rohingya […]

  2. Very praiseworthy. Let’s hope that something concrete comes out of this initiative.

    If the international community could bring the Serbian leaders to trial and justice over the treatment of Bosnian Muslims.

    Is ASEAN up to doing the same for Myanmar or will it give way to big power vested interests in the region (it’s Kipling’s “Great Game” being played in S-E Asia).

    I quote from a commentary “US’ tarnished image in Middle East” (Singapore Straits Times, Sept 17, 2012) where he wrote:

    “…..Nor is it true that the US is anti-Islamic. Arguably, the Chinese government grappling with an Islamic separatist movement in Xinjang, or the Russian government, which has repeatedly crushed Muslim aspirations in Chechnya, can be put into this category.

    “Yet, the killing of Muslims in Chechnya prompts no demonstrations outside Russia’s Middle Eastern embassies……”

    So, is Myanmar a convenient target, while equally reprehensible behaviour in China and Russia gets away scotfree?

    That would be double standards, and then some!


  4. I see the Rohingyas issue as a stateless and displaced persons issue. If not resolved, it can create a conflict that could destabilise not only Myanmar but the region. For Malaysia the issue is so close to home and like Tun succinctly put it ” If we dont do anything, nothing will happen” meaning the issue will go on forever. The Conference and its recomnendation could be a catalyst to internationalise the issue and to find a solution to it. Myanmar should be made to address the issue in terms of giving rights of the Rohingyas to citizenships. Without this the issue can never be resolved. The plight of the Rohingyas is a constant reminder to us all that without political and economic powers a certain ethnic race or tribes will find themselves with nothing to provide them for their very existence. Wondering from place to place with no hope and no future. It reminds me of the same fate experienced by the gypsies of Europe.

  5. In this resolution one thing is missing that we Rohingya will not compromise less then power sharing and provincial sovereignty.

  6. This historic conference produced an important document to address the problems of Rohingyas in Arakan, Burma. The Rohingyas and conscious international community should work on it and thus continue to pressurize the quazi-military civil government to accept the Rohingyas as the ethnic minority and citizen of Burma.

    4 January 2013

    Dear Director/Chief Editor,


    Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia (MERHROM) strongly condemned the plan of the Thai Government to deport 73 Rohingya Boat People back to Myanmar. The Thai Government by now should be aware of the plight of Rohingyas in Arakan State of Myanmar. The Thai Government and other neighboring countries by now should be aware why the Rohingyas continuously becoming boat people since many years ago. If there are Rohingya Boat People landed in our shore, they must be handed over to UNHCR to access their status and give the necessary assistance.

    We are very frustrated as the Thai government fail to observe the “nonrefoulement” policy though we know Thailand is not a signatory to 1951 Refugee Convention.

    This is not the first time the Thai Government giving bad treatment to the Rohingya Boat People. Back in 2009, the International Communities were shocked to see how the Thai Navy had push back hundreds of Rohingya Boat People to the see without food and water. The Rohingyas were also abused by the Thai Navy. The act of the Thai Navy caused many of them died on the see. The Thai Government was not made accountable for the crime they committed towards Stateless Rohingyas Boat People.

    The group of 73 consists of men, children and women. The initial plan of Thai authority to push the boat back to the see after providing food, water and fuel was seen as inhuman and selfish. They fail to understand our plight back home. They still want to send us back to the hands that destroy our lives. All the 73 Rohingya currently waiting for deportation at Ranong province. We do not know how many boats has been push back to the see by the Thai government and their fates.

    We also condemn the act of Singapore Government who refused permission to Rohingya Boat People to enter Singapore after their boat sank near Bay of Bengal. They have been in the water for 30 hours before the ship Nosco Victory rescued them on December 5, 2012. Estimated 160 other Rohingya on the boat are believed to have drowned.

    Since October 2012 the media reported few incidents of sinking boats of Rohingyas which claims hundreds of lives. We do not know how many more had died in the see. We will continue to see more and more Rohingyas on the boat to save their lives and families as the situation in Arakan State is worsening.

    The International Communities and World Leaders think that the situation in Arakan State is back to normal but the reality is not. The Myanmar government continuously killing, raping, arresting, and detaining Rohingyas through its security forces. The security forces continuously killing Rohingya underground not only in open area. The Nasaka and Police forced the Rohingyas to admit themselves as Bengali not Rohingya. If they continuously stated that they are Rohingyas, they will be arrested and taken to the jail. In the jail they were beaten badly and some had died. Many of Rohingya men have been arrested and detained. The security forces demanding lots of money in order to be released. Hundreds or thousands of Rohingyas stranded in the jail as they do not have money to pay.

    The situation in the Rohingya camp is very bad as there are not enough food, water and medical supplies. Hundreds or thousands of Rohingya have died due to severe starvation.

    Lots of Rohingya’s source of food has been confiscated by the security forces. The military order the Rohingyas to harvest the paddy. However all the paddy was confiscated by the military. There is no food left for Rohingyas.

    In November 2012, MERHROM received numerous calls from Buthidaung Township reporting that the Rakhines and the security forces have poisoning the water source in Rohingya Villages. Estimated 50 ponds have been poisoned by the Rakhines and the security forces.

    The Myanmar government uses many ways to eliminate Rohingyas from Arakan State. They will not stop until we are removed from Arakan State. The United Nations and the World Leaders must open their eyes on Rohingya’s plight as its claims thousands of innocent lives. The United Nations and the World Leaders must deal directly with the Myanmar government without further delay and take appropriate measures to end the plights of Rohingya. The United Nations Peace Keeping Mission must be sent urgently to control and monitor the human rights violations.

    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has called on regional countries to keep their borders open to people seeking asylum and international protection from Myanmar. We appeal to the ASEAN Countries to accept the Rohingya Boat People and handed them over to the UNHCR to access their status.

    We are thankful to the more humanitarian countries like Malaysia and Indonesia who are willing to accept the Rohingya Boat People and not pushing them back to the see. Though Malaysia is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention but still Malaysia can open their heart to help the affected people in the region and in International arena. If Malaysia can do so why not Thailand who is the host of many International agencies including ASEAN Secretary General.

    The Rohingyas is one of the ethnic in the ASEAN region though we are not recognize by the Myanmar government. ASEAN must be more responsive towards its own ethnic. Therefore ASEAN must take practical measures to protect its own people.

    Everyone have the rights to live in peace and dignity, free from fear and prejudice. We should not use religion to separate us. We as human being must be able to live in peace though we have many differences.

    God shall Bless and protect those who defend the right of their fellow human.

    Thank you.

    Yours sincerely,

    Mr. Zafar Ahmad bin Abdul Ghani
    Myanmar Ethnic Rohingya Human Rights Organization Malaysia ( MERHROM)
    Website blog:

  8. […] Resolution on Rohingya – “thirteen million plus Ringgit” guy rambles…. […]

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