Finally, Government has brought in the MOF in-house consulting group which has tremendous illustrious experience in capital restructuring, debt recovery and cash-flow management, as a solution to resolve 1MDB’s woes which drew too much attention and a lot of flak from so many quarters.
The Star story:
Prokhas steps into 1MDB
Wednesday, 8 April 2015
PETALING JAYA: Prokhas Sdn Bhd, the in-house restructuring outfit of the Finance Ministry (MoF), has been tasked to help sister company 1Malaysia Development Bhd (1MDB) deal with cash-flow problems tied to its debt obligations.
It is learnt that Prokhas was roped in to assist 1MDB, which needs about RM5bil this year to meet its debt obligations.
“Prokhas has come into the picture, which is why CIMB Investment Bank Bhd that was appointed two weeks ago to look into the sale of 1MDB’s energy assets has been out of the job,” said a source.
The amount due this year is largely to cover the payment of a US$975mil term loan taken by 1MDB Energy Holdings Ltd that falls due on Aug 31 this year. At the current exchange rate of 3.64 to the US dollar, the maturing term loan is valued at RM3.55bil.
1MDB Energy Holdings is the energy unit of 1MDB that was supposed to list by the first quarter of this year under the new name of Edra Global Energy Bhd. But 1MDB withdrew its proposal on Feb 28 this year because it could not meet the listing requirements.
“CIMB was roped in to arrange for the sale of Edra Energy, which is about the only asset that can be sold immediately to raise funds for 1MDB to help meet its debt obligations,” said a banker.
But its mandate was terminated on April 1 – just a week after the investment bank was appointed.
The other portion of the RM5bil obligation this year comes from interest cost totalling around RM1.4bil on all other outstanding loans that 1MDB has taken over the last five years.
1MDB is RM41.9bil in debt to fund a buying binge over the past five years, as the company built up a portfolio of power and energy assets, as well as amassing prime landbanks earmarked for future development.
While the power plants acquired from Genting Bhd and Tanjong Plc are generating some cashflow for the company, it is not enough to cover its interest cost and planned development expenditure.
Last year, 1MDB had to defer a debt payment taken to finance the purchase of Tanjong’s power plants in 2012 for RM8.5bil.
An outstanding amount of RM2bil was finally settled with the assistance of billionaire T. Ananda Krishnan, who owns Tanjong, after two delays.
Second Finance Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Husni Hanadzlah had, in his winding-up speech in Parliament on March 25, said that the Government had formed a special task force to look into 1MDB’s performance, as well as the debts borne by the firm.
He had earlier in March told Parliament that 1MDB’s financial position was “unsustainable” with a cashflow problem.
The Government, Husni said, had already extended RM950mil to 1MDB as a “standby credit” facility to address its short-term financial needs.
The firm generated a revenue of RM4.26bil for the year ended March 31, 2014, but reported a loss of RM665mil as finance cost ballooned to RM2.4bil.
As it is, 1MDB’s total US dollar-denominated borrowings stand at a staggering US$7.5bil, or RM27bil, at the current exchange rate.
Based on these outstanding debts, 1MDB’s interest payment cost amounts to at least RM1.2bil a year over the next seven years.
In 2022, the massive US$3bil bonds taken by 1MDB Global Investment Ltd will reach maturity.
1MDB is 100%-owned by the MoF, but unlike other Government-linked investment companies, the ministry has never had board representation in the company.
But as worries about 1MDB’s financial obligations are reaching a boiling point, the Government has taken a more active role.
Prokhas is a special project outfit under the MoF and is involved in various corporate restructuring work for the Government. The company was set up in 2005 to take over the role of Danaharta Nasional Bhd.
Pro-Khas was an SPV created by then Minister of Finance Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad as a solution after the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997-8 saw the 38 banks and financial institutions were laden with bad debts and non performing loans.
It came into operation the day Tun Dr. Mahathir took the reign of the MOF and the economy, which was bleeding due to the currency attack mounted by hedge fund managers led by George Soros.
All of these bad debts and NPLs were taken over by Danaharta and systematically hived off, so that the financial institutions could focus on their business as banks and finance companies.
Amongst the outcomes are the banking system and capital-debt market did not crash and completely paralysed commerce and the economy. The rationalisation of the banking-financial system and capital-debt market provided opportunity where local banks are merged into six groups and the fittest stockbrokers survived.
That provided opportunities for new universal stockbroking licenses were issued then onwards and boutique investment bankers started to colour the capital-debt market, which provided the catalyst to commerce and expand the economy.
This is something that Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Mohd. Najib Tun Razak should have taken much earlier and quashing the opportunity for so much loose talk and speculations been made about the Government’s strategic investment house.
Pro-Khas is a very familiar and credible entity to resolve capital-debt related issues, which was initiated by the Government and put the debt and capital market back on track in a short span of time.
The same time, transparency is required to absolve the leadership and 1MDB which undergone so much attention in bad light and put 1MDB back on track.
Amongst many other programs designed for the majority of Malaysians in the rural areas, 1MDB has been providing a lot CSR projects, especially in utmost remote and under developed areas and settlements. It specifically enabled the fast track solution which alleviated the delivery of infrastructure such as electrification, processed water and communications.
This initiative is a good move indeed. Never the less, the story about 1MDB still needed to be told for all the right reasons.