Inadvertently, the Chinese Chauvinists and radicals amongst them, which include ‘subversive elements’ started the ’cause and effect’ of closer working political working relationship led by UMNO with the other ethnic based and mixed-race parties.
The Chinese Chauvinists and radicals were the instigators of the 13 May 1969 racial riots post-third GE where almost 200 persons officially declared dead. That resulted the declaration of Emergency. The Parliament was suspended and the nation was administered by the National Operation Council (NOC).
Deputy Prime Minister Tun Hj Abdul Razak Hussein became the Director of NOC.
When situation became calm and normalcy was restored, then Founding Prime Minister Tun Abdul Rahman Putra decided to retire and pass the baton to Tun Razak in gradual process which was eventually finalised in 1971.
There on, Tun Razak started his rapid ‘Transformation Plan’ for Malaysia, where the agenda to develop the rural folks, which mainly consist of the Malays and Sabah and Sarawak Bumiputera, in an aggressive affirmative action program New Economic Policy (NEP) introduced in the same year.
The consultation process to derive at the NEP was participated by all political parties that include Gerakan which was one of the Opposition instigated the 13 May 1969 racial riots. However, it was with the exception of the Chinese Chauvinist DAP which completely taped away.
Tun Razak also fostered closer relationship and community, ‘Perpaduan dan Muhibbah’, between Malaysians at all walks of life as part of the healing process to the bloody incident which started in Setapak. Rukunegara was introduced.
That eventually was the trigger of the process which resulted with the formation of Barisan Nasional (BN) in 1973. The original UMNO-MCA-MIC political co-operation and relationship was expanded and more parties joined the federation of political alliances.
By the way, this posting is to mark the concluded Singapore General Election where PAP won handsomely. The last time we did a blog posting on the last Singapore GE, it became contentious and drew the highest readership, comments and reaction ever.